Benchmark Brent crude futures were down 9 cents at $55.27 at 0058 GMT. They ended a quiet session on Monday down 53 cents at $55.36, after rising the three previous weeks.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures were also down 9 cents at $52.56 a barrel. They settled down 53 cents at $52.65 a barrel.
"The speculators have been pushing oil up for almost a month," said Jonathan Chan, investment analyst at Phillip Futures in Singapore. "There should some healthy price correction this week."
Chan said he expected Brent to test $54 and WTI $51.70.
U.S. shale production in May is likely to post the biggest monthly gain in more than two years, government data showed on Monday, as producers step up the pace of drilling with oil prices holding above $50 a barrel.
May output is expected to rise by 123,000 barrels per day to 5.19 million bpd, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration's drilling productivity report.
If that is right, May will have the biggest monthly increase since February 2015 and the highest monthly production level since November 2015.
More barrels could be on their way to market from U.S. shale fields as financial companies are investing billions in production , a Reuters analysis shows.
Any increase in output in the United States, now the world's third-biggest oil producer, will likely put pressure on the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) - which agreed to curb output at the end of last year - to cut production further.
OPEC is due to meet on May 25 to weigh an extension of output cuts beyond June to alleviate a glut that has depressed prices for nearly three years.
Still, Saudi Arabia's energy minister has said it was too early to discuss an extension.